2.One of the great achievements of Proust the artist is his portrayal of the contradictions and variety of character within a celibe person. de Charlus who is the addenda example of this, but it is ubiquitous mediante the people who populate Proust’s world. Giammai one is who they are on the surface, and if they are presenting themselves sopra a indivis way you can be sure that they are hiding either opposite inclinations, or gross deficiencies, or if they boast of talent or knowledge they are covering for what they are actually inept at or ignorant of, or if they are generous or kindly it is from some socially trained gesture and they are sure sicuro later spit venom at the former subject of their pleasantries, or if they are overtly cruel at one moment they will show themselves later esatto be trapu of indulgent tenderness. In other words, what Proust understands and sets down so perfectly is the infinite complexity of the human personality, the multitude of motives behind our aimable, and even personal interactions, or, esatto use Shelley’s words, that ”Nought may endure but Mutability”. This is extended even to the physiognomic descriptions of characters such as Albertine and Mme. de Guermantes, who are seen by Marcel as revealing such differing features at different instances that they are sometimes unrecognizable to him.
3.The need for possession is seldom triggered by love, and most often triggered by jealousy. This especially is the case for Marcel, who shows frankly psychotic jealous tendencies. I mean, we are supposed puro know that this young man has a sometimes debilitating nervous disorder, and physical ailments such as asthma that often restrict his activity (and allow him long bed-bound hours of introverted contemplation), but his jealousy over Albertine (which, I can say, is verso hundred times more pronounced so far mediante testo five), is unsettling. It is not only his relationship with Albertine that is seemingly ignited by jealousy alone, but also per the case of Charlus and Morel, and per perhaps all of the affable gatherings, it is per need for possession (or per the social case, domination), provoked by a kind of covetous resentfulness, that motivates these people. More on this later.
This is one of the great themes of the novel, the subjectivity of perception
4.Per Search of Lost Time, while always tinged with melancholy (and I fear, tragedy), is essentially comedic. The drawing rooms of the upper-echelon resound with sardonic, parodic lplifying their defects, mocking their arbitrary tastes, making use of the one tool that always subverts and destroys a power structure: laughter.
And while Marcel is superior puro them (because of his brilliant artistic aptitude, true talent for observation, ”the painterly-poetic eye”) he still suffers from the same malady
5.The Verdurins return in elenco four, seeking Marcel out esatto spettacolo off how artistic and ”forward” their salon is, and thank god for this. They are hilariously cruel, utterly contemptuous of anyone outside their ”little tribu”, on the whole not very bright, Panama donne che frequentano but entertaining as hell. The train rides along the Norman coast with Brichot’s etymological digressions on French place-names are some of the highlights of this testo. Marcel’s return puro Balbec is quite different from his first sojourn puro the shore. Now he is verso connected, sought after man of society. The gruppo of the Grand Hotel go out of their way sicuro accommodate him, he has inherited verso large fortune and can therefore spoil Albertine with trips in verso motor car (as he points out, still quite rare mediante those days) and basta clothes and dinners, but he is pursued, emotionally, by recent events which cloud his disposition, including his grandmother’s death, the full grief of which is provoked only on his return sicuro Balbec by an onslous ”incident of the madelaine” that plunged him into the original depths of remembrance of Combray durante Swann’s Way. The exorcising of this grief is detailed per the strongest section of registro four, entitled ”The Intermittencies of the Heart”, verso powerful exposition on dealing with the death of per loved one. His grief is assuaged sopra one of those miracle landscape descriptions that Proust so excels at: